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web hosting concepts and technologies

web hosting

Hosting is a massive industry. With hundreds of millions of websites currently online, people all over the planet are finding themselves diving into a strange new world of technology that they’ve never
explored before. It can be confusing and intimidating at first, and manypeople never quite grasp what hosting is all about, what it does for them,or how it affects them.

Many different terms hosting
Web hosting
Website hosting
Self hosting
Blog hosting
Hosted website or blog

For any website to be available for viewing on the World Wide Web, it has to be on a computer that is connected to the Internet. The computer your site is on is known as its host.
The host can be any computer at all, anywhere in the world. Your computer at home can host your website, if you want. You could also use a computer in your office, in a warehouse, or even in a shed.
Each computer or device that connects to the Internet has an IP address. This address is unique and allows other computers on the Internet to find you. It’s just as unique as the street address of your house. Most homes and even some businesses have a dynamically allocatedIP address, which means that their Internet Service Provider (ISP) allocates the person or business an IP address each time a connection is made to the Internet. The IP address could be different for every connection.
For a site to be readily found online, it needs to always have the same IP address, which is called a dedicated IP address.

Servers are located in buildings called data centers,which are built specifically for housing web servers. Data centers have all manner of backup systems and generators to ensure everything keeps running smoothly. They have Internet connections coming in from multiple different companies.

Before paying for hosting, think about who is going to keep the website updated. If you were opening a business, you’d have to think about what staff you are going to have in the store, whether you’ll sell enough to pay them, and whether you’ll ever get any sleep with all the work you’ll have to do.
Keeping a website updated is very similar. Whether you’re creating a site for your community group, a blog, or even an online store, who is going to keep it updated? It always sounds easy, but the challenge of writing every day or remembering to update the website with new events or even adding and deleting products can soon drive even the most patient person to insanity.

Hosting is the building. It’s empty; it simply provides space for you to work in. Your website is everything that’s inside the building. Delete your website and the computer it was hosted on still exists (and you’ll still be charged for your hosting plan whether you’re using it or not).Every store needs an office. Somewhere where you can sit and relax without being in front of customers. Somewhere you can do all the background administration the store needs. For the hosting plan, that’s called the control panel or the dashboard.Your control panel is where you administer the hosting, set up passwords and e-mail accounts, and do all the back-end stuff that is related to the hosting but not specifically the site. With most hosting companies, you can run multiple sites under one control panel, like having a central office doing the administration for a chain of stores.You need a lock and keys to keep your office safe, and that’s your control panel’s username and password that your host will have provided for you when you registered for hosting.

FTP provides a loading bay for your website. Any time you need to update the site in any way, FTP is the tool you need to do that. It’s like a delivery driver. You tell it which files you want delivered and where you want them delivered and the FTP does the rest.Finally comes the part everyone hates — insurance. Nobody likes making insurance payments until something goes wrong, and then they’re really glad to have insurance and wish they had paid a little more to get even better coverage.Website owners face the same problem. Nobody wants to pay for daily backups — or even weekly or monthly ones — and many people choose not to, but then their website goes down and they reallyregret not having paid for the backup service. Just as I would suggest that any company get insurance, I absolutely recommend that website owners get a good backup system.

hosting support
Your web host will offer support in some manner. Some hosts offer phone support or an online chat option, whereas others might only offer support through an e-mail or ticket system. Either way, there are limits to what your host can do for you.
Generally, the hosting support desk will work with you to ascertain whether the problem is with your site or the hosting plan. If it turns out to be your site that is causing the problem, most hosts will tell you to find someone to help you fix it, or they may offer to help fix it for an extra charge.It would be unreasonable to assume that your host would be an expert in whatever language or script your site is hosted with and would have staff available to fix every problem you come across with the site you are creating.

Top 100 free web hosting site

hosting plans
Hosting accounts(also called hosting plans) are very different from domain names. Your hosting account gives you space online to house your website. It’s like leasing a building. If you lease a building to use for your business, that building becomes your business address. You can move your business to another building, taking your name with you at any time. You aren’t stuck in one building forever just because that’s where you started.
You purchase a hosting account from a web host or hosting provider and, although it is often purchased in conjunction with a domain name, it is independent of the name.

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